Muhammad Sharif Khan Herpetological Laboratory, 306 N. Morton, Ave., Morton, PA 19070, USA. Checklist of Amphibians of Pakistan.
Amphibians are one of the most familiar animals found everywhere in Pakistan, except perpetually snow covered mountains in the north and open seas in the south. They disappear as winter sets-in reappearing at the advent of summer. Despite general acridity in Pakistan, 24 anuran amphibian species have been recorded.
Nomana Masaud, Muhammad Siddique Awan, Riaz Aziz Minhas and Usman Ali Department of Zoology, University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Challa Bandi Campus, Muzaffarabad Breath Foundation, Muzaffarabad, AJ&K. Study of Avian Diversity in and around Chinari, District Hattian, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan.
Avian diversity was studied from March to October 2009 in Chinari Jhelum valley, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. The area was surveyed in the mornings and evenings when the birds were more active. Birds were recorded by using Fixed Point Count and Line-transect methods at different predetermined sites. A total of 70 bird species were recorded belonging to 13 orders and 39 families. Species richness was recorded highest in summer (n=54) followed by autumn (n=46) and spring (n=40). Seasonal Shannon Wiener index of these species was the highest in summer season (4.95), followed by spring (4.2) and autumn (3.26). Of the total species, 9 (13%) were resident, 7 (10%) were resident but confined to Himalayan ecosystem, 8 (11%) were summer visitors, 7 (10%) were winter visitors, 10 (14%) showed seasonal altitudinal migration while remaining 29 (42%) species were confined to Himalayan ecosystem. Of these species, 45 (64%) were common, 5 (7%) were abundant, 9 (13%) were rare while 11(16%) species were frequent. The most common birds were House sparrow, Common myna, House crow, Red vented bulbul, Koel, Spotted dove and Rose-ringed parakeet.
Qamar Zaman Qamar1, Naeem Iftikhar Dar2, Usman Ali3, Riaz Aziz Minhas4, Javaid Ayub2 and Maqsood Anwar5 Human-Leopard Conflict: An Emerging Issue of Common Leopard Conservation in Machiara National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan
Human-wildlife conflict is an emerging issue in current era which has intensified with the passage of time. Many wildlife species have become threatened due to this conflict, especially the large carnivores. Human – leopard conflict is common in various parts of their distribution range around the world. Present study was conducted to assess livestock depredation by common leopard in Machiara National Park (MNP) from January, to December, 2011. Structured and semi-structured questionnaires were used to collect data with the help of MNP field staff. Statistical analysis showed that there was a significant difference (pQamar Zaman Qamar1, Naeem Iftikhar Dar2, Usman Ali3, Riaz Aziz Minhas4, Javaid Ayub2 and Maqsood Anwar5 Human-Leopard Conflict: An Emerging Issue of Common Leopard Conservation in Machiara National Park, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan
Ablimit Abdukadir, Babar Khan1, Ryuichi Masuda and Satoshi Ohdachi. Asiatic wild cat (Felis silvestris ornata) is no more a ‘Least Concern’ species in Xinjiang, China.
Asiatic wild cat, Felis silvestris ornata, once regarded as least concern is declining rapidly in its natural habitat in the Xinjiang desert region of China mainly because of excessive hunting for pelt trade followed by shrinkage of its habitat due to cultivation, oil and gas exploration and excessive use of pesticides. Prior to 1950, it was the most abundant felid in Xingjian dwelling along all major river basin systems and Taklimakan desert but later it got confined to three regions of southern Xinjiang only viz., Bayingolin Mongol Autonomous Oblast, Aksu and Hotan. Despite several expeditions, correct distribution and status of this illusive cat was unknown. This review article is an update on current status, distribution, ecological behavior, conservation and habitat characteristics of Asiatic wild cat in Xinjiang arid region of China. Specimen collected from various parts of Xinjiang exhibit varied phenotypic characters. It has protruding morphological features like many other desert animals. It has dense and soft hairs on the forelimb pads like other felids but rarely behaves nocturnally, adjusting its movement with seasonal variation and food availability. Tarim hare, Lepus yarkandensis, is the primary source of food followed by gerbil, jerboa, birds, fish and lizards. Literature and the statistics both reveal that it’s remnant population is declining fast limiting it to only a few fragmented habitats in the lower reaches of Hotan, Yarkand, Tarim, Qarqan, Niya and Keriya river basins, rendering it no more a least concern species at least in China. Therefore, adequate policy decisions and concrete conservation actions are required to halt and eventually reverse the declining population of the cat and its deteriorating habitat in Xinjiang.
Javaid Ahmad Kuchai, Muhammad Zahoor Chishti, Fayaz Ahmad and Muzaffar Rasool Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar – (190021), India. Prevalence of Trematode Parasitic Infestation in Yak of Ladakh (Bos grunniens)
The present study is a part of the helminthological survey was carried out on ruminants of Ladakh during (Oct.2007 – Sep.2008). During the study an attempt was made to find out various trematode parasites along with their prevalence infesting the yak of Ladakh (Bos grunniens). A total of 33 faecal samples of yaks belonging to different age groups and of either sex (including 19 wild and 14 domesticated) were collected randomly from different localities of the study area and were examined for the presence of helminthic infections. Of the 19 and 14 samples of wild and domesticated yaks examined 9 (47.36%) and 6 (42.85%) were found positive respectively with an overall prevalence of 15/33 (45.45%). It was observed that the intensity of infection was higher in wild as compared to domesticated animals. The prevalence of these parasites was found varying with respect to various factors, viz; season, age, and sex. Of these the most important factor responsible for overall prevalence of helminth parasites in the both host species (wild and domesticated) was climate. During rainy season the prevalence was higher 9/19 (47.36%) as compared to the dry season 6/14 (42.85%). The study also revealed a difference in prevalence with respect to the age of the host. The animalsJavaid Ahmad Kuchai, Muhammad Zahoor Chishti, Fayaz Ahmad and Muzaffar Rasool Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Srinagar – (190021), India. Prevalence of Trematode Parasitic Infestation in Yak of Ladakh (Bos grunniens)

 

Ramzy Ahmed Yousif El Hussien Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Science, College of Science & Technology and Animal Production (SUST), P.O. BOX 204, Khartoum North, Sudan. Abundance and distribution of Birds in Dinder National Park, Sudan.
This study was conducted in Dinder National Park (DNP) during the dry season of 2011, (January-May). The main purpose of the study was to determine the distribution and abundance of birds in DNP. In total 13,695 birds were counted in five Mayas, belonging to 56 species. The results showed significant differences between five Mayas (P < 0.01). The distribution of birds in DNP mainly depends on the availability of water and food.[/tab][tab]Ramzy Ahmed Yousif El Hussien Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Science, College of Science & Technology and Animal Production (SUST), P.O. BOX 204, Khartoum North, Sudan. Abundance and distribution of Birds in Dinder National Park, Sudan.

 

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